Hypothyroidism/Hyperthyroidism: This occurs in the body when there’s a deficiency of the thyroid hormone in the body. The thyroid gland is butterfly-shaped and can be found at the frontal part of the neck. It provides energy to several organs in the body, while also controlling functions such as the heartbeat and the intricate processes of digestion. A fall in the level of thyroid hormones leads to an unexpected slowdown in most of the body’s natural functions. Women are more prone to this disease as opposed to men. Visible symptoms are fatigue, weight gain, muscle weakness, and elevated blood cholesterol.
Cushing Syndrome: This is otherwise known as hypercortisolism and occurs due to high levels of cortisol hormone in the body. This hormone manages the immune system, response to stress and blood pressure. Visible symptoms include weight gain, fatty depositions in the face or between the upper back and shoulders, purple stretch marks in the body and slow healing of wounds. Various causes result in its onset, like immense stress, malnutrition, prolonged use of corticosteroid medications and an underlying tumour in the adrenal glands.
Addison’s disease: This happens when a part of the adrenal gland gets damaged, which results in a deficit production of the hormones called aldosterone and cortisol. The symptoms can be unexpected fainting, low blood sugar levels, a decrease in heart rate and unusual cravings for salt. This is mainly due to the disturbance in the immune system within adrenal glands which damages the adrenal gland severely, thus causing Addison’s disease. Another reason can be the inability of the pituitary gland to the vital ACT hormone.
Diabetes: This ailment is a common lifestyle disorder and has continued to put many people’s lives at risk. This happens when either insulin is deficient in the body or if the body becomes resistant to the hormone. There’s a surge in the blood sugar level, a person is restrained from taking in sweets, confectionaries or excess carbohydrates. An affected person feels fatigued without doing much work, experiences frequent urination and may develop many complications in body.