Anus

Anus

The anus is the terminating part of the rectum, which as a whole forms the lowermost portion of the large intestine. It’s length may vary from 10cm to 15cm, with a diameter of about 4.5cm to 7.5cm in different individuals. The rectum becomes slightly larger at its end, i.e. the anus, to form the rectal ampulla, which acts as a temporary storehouse for faeces. When this storage site becomes full with waste material, the pressure builds up within the walls of the rectum which results in the dilation of the anus, allowing the stool to pass out. The anus is surrounded by tough tissue called fascia, which attaches it to the nearby muscles. The anus is made up of a circular sphincter muscle which stays contracted to keep it closed. There are also certain mucus glands which keep its surface moist. The anus and rectum are examined to diagnose a number of ailments. Presence of cancer can be detected by performing an endoscopy, in which a doctor uses an intricate set of instruments consisting of a camera, a light wand and an operating tube to examine areas inside the body. Also, body accurate body temperature can be detected from the rectal area.

Hypothesis

Ailments and disorders related to the anus are common. Although you may feel embarrassed to discuss your ailment with a physician, we advise you to be honest with your symptoms so that we can conduct an accurate diagnosis of your problem and provide you with the best treatment. Some commonly seen diseases of the anus are Anal cancer, Haemorrhoids, Fissures, Ringworm and Bowel incontinence. An overview of these diseases is as follows:

Anal Cancer: This is characterised by the formation of malignant tumours made of cancerous cells in the tissues of the anus. It’s a rare condition, as benign tumours may form in the anal tissues, but if they turn out as cancerous then there are chances of the cancer spreading to the other parts of the body. The symptoms include thinning of stool, bleeding from the rectum and formation of a lump near the anus.

Haemorrhoids (Piles): These refer to the swollen blood vessels or veins located around the anus or in the lower rectum. People of or above the age of 50 are quite prone to becoming affected by this. These swellings can occur either inside the anus or externally. The external ones are the most common as well as painful ones, because it causes difficulty in sitting and focusing on daily chores. This happens mostly as an aftermath of chronic constipation and straining during bowel movements. Haemorrhoids are not life-threatening and can be conveniently cured provided constipation is avoided.

Anal Fissures: These refer to the cracks and cuts on the walls of the anus. This causes severe pain while passing stool and also results in bleeding. Fissures are mostly harmless and may heal with medications within 4 to 6 weeks. But, if it persists beyond 8 weeks, then it’s considered chronic and may require surgery. Inflammation of the anal tissues or chronic diarhea are the most frequent causes, but even decreased blood flow to the rectum can trigger this. Children are at a risk of developing this, but older adults and pregnant women are also at risk.

Ringworms: Commonly known as jock itch, it’s a fungal infection that causes redness, severe itching and burning sensation in the affected area which seems somewhat circular. The infection mostly starts at the groins and spreads back to the anus. It’s not a life-threatening condition, but if not treated, can spread to other parts of the body and cause severe itching, flaking of skin and bleeding.

Bowel incontinence: Otherwise known as faecal incontinence, it results in the loss of control over one’s bowel movements resulting in frequent defecation or passing out stool unknowingly. This can be an embarrassing situation and are a result of chronic diarrhoea, damage to the nerves controlling sphincter muscle or damage to the sphincter muscle itself. Patients of chronic constipation, pregnant women and older adults above the age of 65 years are at a risk of developing this ailment.

The experts at Zyropathy are well-versed with the symptoms and treatments for these diseases. We have supplements to cure the biggest cause of these ailments that is constipation, so that it doesn’t recur and deteriorate the patient’s condition. We have non-steroidal solution to treat itching and burning caused by fungal infections or inflammations, while also advising you to maintain proper bodily hygiene throughout the treatment phase.

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