mulberries nutrition

Mulberries Nutrition Facts

Refreshingly succulent, tart and sweet mulberries are indeed rich in numerous health benefiting flavonoid phyto-nutrients. Botanically, they are the berries obtained from the silkworm tree belonging to the Moraceae family. Mulberries are large, deciduous trees native to warm, temperate, and subtropical regions of Asia, Africa, and the Americas. Technically, the mulberry fruit is an aggregation of small fruits arranged concentrically around the central axis as in blackberry or loganberries. Each fruit measures 2-5 cm long. In most species, mulberries are purplered when ripen; however, they can be white, red, purple or multiple variegated colors in the same fruit. The leaves of mulberry tree contains nutrients that are used as a food for silkworms and grows in bunches called “drupes”. It is also used for different medicinal properties, such as hair loss remedy, as anti-inflammatory and as an anti-biotic.

  • Delicious , fleshy, succulent mulberries are less in calories (just 43 calories per 100 g). They compose of health promoting phyto-nutrient compounds like polyphenol pigment antioxidants, minerals, and vitamins that are essential for optimum health.
  • Mulberries have significantly high amounts of phenolic flavonoid phytochemicals called anthocyanins. Scientific studies have shown that consumption of berries havepotential health effects against
    cancer, aging and neurological diseases, inflammation, diabetes, and
    bacterial infections.
  • The berries contain resveratrol, another polyphenol flavonoid antioxidant. Resveratrol protects against stroke risk by altering molecular mechanisms in the blood vessels; reducing their susceptibility to damage through reduced activity of angiotensin (a systemic hormone causing blood vessel constriction that would elevate blood pressure) but potentiating production of the vasodilator hormone, nitric oxide.
  • In addition, these berries are an excellent source of vitamin-C (36.4 mg per 100, about 61% of RDI), which is also a powerful natural antioxidant. Consumption of foods rich in vitamin-C helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents, counter inflammation and scavenge harmful free radicals
  • Further, the berries also contain small amounts of vitamin A, and vitamin E, in addition to the above-mentioned antioxidants. Consumption of mulberry provides another group of health promoting flavonoid polyphenolic antioxidants such as lutein, zea-xanthin, ß-carotene and α-carotene in small but notably significant amounts. Altogether, these compounds help act as protect from harmful effects of oxygen-derived free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) that play a role in aging and various disease processes.
  • Zea-xanthin, an important dietary carotenoid selectively concentrates into the retinal macula lutea, where it thought to provide antioxidant functions and protects the retina from the harmful ultraviolet rays through light-filtering actions.
  • Mulberries are an excellent source of iron, which is a rare feature among berries, contain 1.85 mg/100 g of fruits (about 23% of RDI). Iron, being a component of hemoglobin inside the red blood cells, determines the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood.
  • They also good source of minerals like potassium, manganese, and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase.
  • They are rich in B-complex group of vitamins and vitamin K. Contain very good amounts of vitamin B-6, niacin, riboflavin and folic acid. These vitamins are function as co-factors and help body in the metabolism of carbohydrates, protein, and fats.
  • Mulberry is a powerhouse of nutrients and is an excellent source of protein. 3 ounces of mulberry has 9 grams of protein

Mulberry fruit Health benefits

Mulberries are among the food that proves beneficial to health. It is beneficial mulberries health benefits and nutrition due tomulberries-1 its dense nutrient content like antioxidants, phytonutrients, fiber, iron, magnesium, potassium, zinc, etc. It is effective to prevent damage to DNA cells from free radicals which are the cause of many health problems like cancer, cardiovascular disease, macular degeneration, ageing and many more. It is also effective to improve eye vision, immunity, improves memory and promotes hair health. Mulberry is considered an important remedy in Chinese medicines. The health benefits of mulberry can be derived from its juice which is full of Vitamins, Minerals and anti-oxidants

1. Cures Certain Diseases

The rich anthocyanin that is found in the fruits has curative properties for certain diseases and is also used as natural food colorant. It is useful in following diseases,

  • Parkinson Disease: Neurological diseases called Parkinson disease are associated with gammaaminobutyric acid (GABA) cause to depletion in brain. Antioxidant activity present in White mulberry leaves is GABA-enriched, which may provide a neuroprotective effect against cerebral ischemia as well as neurotoxins. White mulberry leaf extracts contain antidopaminergic activity mediated through dopamine D2 receptors as documented by (a) Reducing haloperidol and metoclopramide-induced catalepsy in mice (b) Blocking amphetamineinduced stereotyped behavior (such as schizophrenia) (c) And increasing the sensitivity to barbiturates.
  • Obesity: White mulberry regulates lipid metabolism, body weight gain, and adipose tissue by changing the expression of hepatic target genes in high-fat, diet-induced, obese mice. Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is involved in feeding and energy metabolism. White mulberry leaf extract exhibits an antagonistic effect to MCH1 receptor in diet-induced obese mice, resulting in decreased body weight and adiposity, food intake, and hepatic lipid accumulation.
  • Obesity: White mulberry regulates lipid metabolism, body weight gain, and adipose tissue by changing the expression of hepatic target genes in high-fat, diet-induced, obese mice. Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is involved in feeding and energy metabolism. White mulberry leaf extract exhibits an antagonistic effect to MCH1 receptor in diet-induced obese mice, resulting in decreased body weight and adiposity, food intake, and hepatic lipid accumulation.
  • Kidney Stones: There are four types of kidney stone s . The most common type of stone is the calcium oxalate stone. These stones can be prevented by daily consumption of mulberry juice. Uric acid stones are often found in people with gout, but they may also occur in those who are dehydrated or who eat a high-protein diet. Struvite stones are connected with urinary tract infections. They can grow quickly and become large. Cysteine stones are the least common, and result from a hereditary disorder that causes the kidneys to excrete excessive amounts of some amino acids. Mulberries are added to medicines to strengthen the kidneys.

2. Prevents Cancers
Mulberries are a good source of resveratrol, a potent phytonutrient that researchers believe to prevent cancer. It contains high level of antioxidants which stunts the growth of prostrate cells and tumour growth. Mulberry extract is incorporated into skin-whitening products. The compound attributed with lightening the skin is arbutin, a form of hydroquinone that inhibits melanin release by suppressing the tyrosinase enzyme. A team of French researchers analyzed two cases of squamous cell carcinoma in women who had been using skin-lightening products for more than a decade. While they could not say for certain that hydroquinone agents were the direct cause of either cancer, they did note that the carcinogenic side effects of hydroquinone are well established in animal models.

3. Reduces Risk of Blood Clots and Strokes

Mulberries are known to improve blood circulation and are beneficial as an anti-inflammatory that helps to lower the blood pressure and makes you less susceptible to blood clots and strokes. Mulberry juice may help to alleviate some of the symptoms if you suffer from anaemia. In addition to all, these help to prevent heart diseases.

4. Cleanses Blood

In Chinese medicine, mulberries are considered as a blood tonic. They cleanse the blood, improving its circulation and helps in strengthening the entire system. It enriches the blood in the process while soothing and calming the nerves. It also helps in promoting the metabolism of alcohol.