osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis

Category : Joints

Osteoarthritis (OA) also known as degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease is a group of mechanical abnormalities involving degradation of joints, including articular cartilage and subchondral bone. Symptoms may include joint pain, tenderness, stiffness, locking, and sometimes an effusion. A variety of causes—hereditary, developmental, metabolic, and mechanical—may initiate processes leading to loss of cartilage. When bone surfaces become less well protected by cartilage, bone may be exposed and damaged. As a result of decreased movement secondary to pain, regional muscles may atrophy, and ligaments may become more lax.

Signs and symptoms
The main symptom is pain, causing loss of ability and often stiffness. “Pain” is generally described as a sharp ache, or a burning sensation in the 285x285_slide_1_10_best_walking_and_running_shoes_for_bad_knees_and_oa_kneeassociate muscles and tendons. OA can cause a crackling noise (called “crepitus”) when the affected joint is moved or touched, and patients may experience muscle spasm and contractions in the tendons. Occasionally, the joints may also be filled with fluid.Humid and cold weather increases the pain in many patients. OA commonly affects the hands, feet, spine, and the large weight bearing joints, such as the hips and knees, although in theory, any joint in the body can be affected.In smaller joints, such as at the fingers,hard bony enlargements, called Heberden’s nodes and/or Bouchard’s nodes may form, and though they are not necessarily painful, they do limit the movement of the figures significantly. OA at the toes leads to the formation of bunions, rendering them red or swollen. Some people notice these physical changes before they experience any pain. OA is the most common cause of joint effusion, sometimes called water on the knee in lay terms, an accumulation of excess fluid in or around the knee joint.

Knee osteoarthritis
Knee osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease of the knee joint. It is more common in people older than 40 years. Women have greater chance to be affected.

Signs and symptoms
Some of the signs and symptoms associated with knee osteoarthritis include:muscle-joint-pain-some-common-causes

  • Pain
  • Stiffness
  • Decreasing range of motion
  • Crepitus
  • Effusion

Causes
Osteoarthritis of the knee is predominately considered a “wear and tear” process, where there is gradual degradation of the hyaline cartilage that covers the articulating surfaces of the bones in the knee joint. The numbers of cases of OA are on the rise.

Treatment
Lifestyle and analgesics has been the mainstay of treatment until recently. However, with the advent of combination of food supplements, it has been possible to provide relief to thousands of patients suffering from OA and various other types of arthritis. The organic food supplements rebuild the cartilage and provide permanent relief.

Lifestyle Modification

Excercise
For most people with OA, graded exercise should be the mainstay of their self-management. Moderate exercise leads to improved functioning and decreased pain in people with osteoarthritis of the knee. But, if the pain is acute do not cause damage by exerting on exercise. This may result in permanent disability

Education
For overweight people, weight loss may be an important factor. Patient education has been shown to be helpful in the self-management of arthritis. It
decreases pain, improving function, reducing stiffness and fatigue, and reducing medical usage.

Alternative medicine
Many alternative medicines are purporting to decrease pain associated with arthritis. But the reduction in pain is temporary and the medicines may have some side effects.??

Mud Pack therapy
Mud pack therapy has been suggested to temporarily relieve pain in patients with osteoarthritis of the knees. Treatment with mineral-rich mud compresses such as that of those extracted from the Dead Sea can be used to augment conventional medical therapy in these patients.

Food supplements
The combination of organic food supplements has been found to be very effective, natural and long lasting treatment for OA.


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