EYES & THEIR PROBLEMS
Category : Nervous System
|Wounds||Conjunctivitis (Pink eye)||Glaucoma|
|Cataracts||Black eyes||General eye health|
Description of eye: The cornea is the transparent external membrane of the eye. It is the one to receive the first impact of light. Next to the cornea comes the Iris, a thin colored ring (that gives an eye color). This iris includes the Pupil, which controls the amount of light that enters the eye through dilation and contraction. Behind the iris is the Crystalline lens or optical disc. This is where the light rays are finely focused to form the image on the Retina, situated in the rear of the eye. All together they form the Eye ball.
Problems in the eyes are many and various. They may be caused by an infection, trauma, irritation, or a lack of a given vitamin (like in the case of night blindness), a deformation of the eyeball, a hardening of cornea, stress, etc. We will describe these problems in general.
The main causes of eye problems are:
- High Blood Pressure
- Tooth Infections (because they share the same vascular and nervous system).
- Heredity Problems
- A trauma caused by being hit or by an object getting into the eye
- Problems in the ocular muscles
- Another factor that produces vision problems is the unhealthy habit of reading with poor lighting. This causes eye strain.
a) Wounds and blows to the eyes: if there is a wound in the cornea or the conjunctiva, these may become infected. If the eye has been hit or punched and the cornea or the conjunctive are filled with blood, it may be dangerous and the person may lose the eye. It is recommended to see a physician immediately. Meanwhile:
The eye should be closed and covered with patch. It must remain immobile. If the pain increases it indicates that the pressure in the eye is increasing (glaucoma). Take the person immediately to a specialist otherwise, the problem may become severe and he or she may lose the eye. Consult your physician, (see point c).
b) Conjunctivitis: (Pink Eye)
One or the two eyes may be affected by this infection which is evidenced by itching, red eyes, pus and excessive discharge mainly during the morning.
Clean the eye with boiled water and a clean cloth (tissue paper preferably, and then discard it because it is very contagious).Consult your physician for the most suitable eye drop. Repeat this every 4 hours until the problem disappears. Consult your physician.
It is the result of high pressure inside the eye. It normally occurs in adults. There are two types of glaucoma:
Acute Glaucoma is when there is suddenly a strong pain inside the eye. Vision becomes cloudy and the eye turns red. The pupil of the affected eye becomes larger than that of the good eye and the eye feels very hard to touch. If the pain does not stop within 24 hours, seek an ophthalmologist’s help. Surgery may be required in order to drain the eye and relieve the pressure.
Chronic Glaucoma occurs slowly and its symptoms are not generally felt. Its symptoms are: gradual loss of eye sight usually affecting the peripheral vision first. This is a dangerous disorder which may cause blindness therefore immediate medical care is recommended. Causes may be due to diabetes, arteriosclerosis or high blood pressure.
The Italian Doctor Michele Vimo, as well as Dr. Linus Pauling, winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry recommends taking high doses of Vitamin C as well as consuming large amount of Ginkgo Biloba, lemons, apples, and oranges. Avoiding any physical exertion is also recommended. An adequate diet like the one indicated at the end of this topic may prevent this problem. Consult your physician.
Swelling in the shape of pimples, this forms mainly on the edges of the eyelids.
Since it is infectious, regular cleaning with lukewarm water is recommended.
As soon as you get an irritation in the eyes and suspect sties. Clean your hands. Rub your index finger in your opposite palm till you feel warm. Apply the finger on top of the sties. Do this 10 to 15 times. If possible repeat this every hour. You will feel relieved. Consult your physician for intra ocular test, which is considered one of the factors for sties.
Protuberance, that goes from one side of the eye to the cornea (central part of the eye). This is caused by the air, dust, and sun or by the effects of light produced by electric or arc welding.
Consult your physician for suitable eye drop. Use it as recommended. Do not be surprised if there is more discharge than usual in the morning. Also take 2 tablets of multivitamin everyday.
f) A hemorrhage in the white part of the eye:
This problem may occur after straining oneself by lifting something heavy, coughing forcefully, going to the bathroom when constipated or receiving light blow to the eye. This problem is produced when a small vessel in the eye bursts. It is generally not dangerous and its effect disappears in few days.
It helps to use eye drop, every 4 hours because it helps reduce inflammation and heal the eye. Consult your physician.
This occurs when a cloud is formed on the eye lens (crystalline) behind the pupil. (See in detail “Cataracts”).
h) Black eye:
The most effective remedy is: To apply a bag of crushed ice on the area for 10 minutes every 2 hours. If this hemorrhage causes pain or if the vision clouds, consult your physician.
i) General eye health:
The best suggestion to maintain healthy eyes is:
Adequate nutrition which includes – vitamins A (Beta Carotene), B complex, Vitamin C, Vitamin E and Protein. In addition, it is important to have good lighting when you are reading or using your eyes for extended periods of time.
A lack of vitamin-A shows up as: tired eyes, sensitivity to the light, a lack of moisture in the eye, a susceptibility to infections as well as night blindness which causes an inability to see in little light. These symptoms are painless. Vitamin-A is found in dark green and yellow vegetables like raw carrots, in dairy products, fish and spinach. Vitamin A is mainly responsible for the formation of the visual purple which helps in the ocular adjustment to light changes.
The presence of vitamins C and E as well as vitamin B2 and Niacin (which are part of B-complex vitamins) prevent ocular and retina hemorrhages. They also strengthen the eyes against infections. They help fight eye arteriosclerosis and together with vitamin E prevent detachment of the retina and strengthen the ocular muscles which produce squinting and double vision.
Dr. Harold Peppard in his book “See Better Without Glasses”, pub. Posada, recommends the following the following steps to prevent visual problems.
A lack of proteins provokes near sightedness, retinitis and infections. Vitamins without minerals will not be able to work adequately, therefore, it is recommended to take: calcium, magnesium and zinc.
In case of an infection in the eye, in addition to putting eye drops in the eyes, it is also recommended to take vitamins A and E, tablets until the infection decreases).