osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis

Category : Joints

Osteoarthritis (OA) also known as degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease is a group of mechanical abnormalities involving degradation of joints, including articular cartilage and subchondral bone. Symptoms may include joint pain, tenderness, stiffness, locking, and sometimes an effusion. A variety of causes—hereditary, developmental, metabolic, and mechanical—may initiate processes leading to loss of cartilage. When bone surfaces become less well protected by cartilage, bone may be exposed and damaged. As a result of decreased movement secondary to pain, regional muscles may atrophy, and ligaments may become more lax.

Signs and symptoms
The main symptom is pain, causing loss of ability and often stiffness. “Pain” is generally described as a sharp ache, or a burning sensation in the 285x285_slide_1_10_best_walking_and_running_shoes_for_bad_knees_and_oa_kneeassociate muscles and tendons. OA can cause a crackling noise (called “crepitus”) when the affected joint is moved or touched, and patients may experience muscle spasm and contractions in the tendons. Occasionally, the joints may also be filled with fluid.Humid and cold weather increases the pain in many patients. OA commonly affects the hands, feet, spine, and the large weight bearing joints, such as the hips and knees, although in theory, any joint in the body can be affected.In smaller joints, such as at the fingers,hard bony enlargements, called Heberden’s nodes and/or Bouchard’s nodes may form, and though they are not necessarily painful, they do limit the movement of the figures significantly. OA at the toes leads to the formation of bunions, rendering them red or swollen. Some people notice these physical changes before they experience any pain. OA is the most common cause of joint effusion, sometimes called water on the knee in lay terms, an accumulation of excess fluid in or around the knee joint.

Knee osteoarthritis
Knee osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease of the knee joint. It is more common in people older than 40 years. Women have greater chance to be affected.

Signs and symptoms
Some of the signs and symptoms associated with knee osteoarthritis include:muscle-joint-pain-some-common-causes

  • Pain
  • Stiffness
  • Decreasing range of motion
  • Crepitus
  • Effusion

Causes
Osteoarthritis of the knee is predominately considered a “wear and tear” process, where there is gradual degradation of the hyaline cartilage that covers the articulating surfaces of the bones in the knee joint. The numbers of cases of OA are on the rise.

Treatment
Lifestyle and analgesics has been the mainstay of treatment until recently. However, with the advent of combination of food supplements, it has been possible to provide relief to thousands of patients suffering from OA and various other types of arthritis. The organic food supplements rebuild the cartilage and provide permanent relief.

Lifestyle Modification

Excercise
For most people with OA, graded exercise should be the mainstay of their self-management. Moderate exercise leads to improved functioning and decreased pain in people with osteoarthritis of the knee. But, if the pain is acute do not cause damage by exerting on exercise. This may result in permanent disability

Education
For overweight people, weight loss may be an important factor. Patient education has been shown to be helpful in the self-management of arthritis. It
decreases pain, improving function, reducing stiffness and fatigue, and reducing medical usage.

Alternative medicine
Many alternative medicines are purporting to decrease pain associated with arthritis. But the reduction in pain is temporary and the medicines may have some side effects.??

Mud Pack therapy
Mud pack therapy has been suggested to temporarily relieve pain in patients with osteoarthritis of the knees. Treatment with mineral-rich mud compresses such as that of those extracted from the Dead Sea can be used to augment conventional medical therapy in these patients.

Food supplements
The combination of organic food supplements has been found to be very effective, natural and long lasting treatment for OA.


Rheummatoid Arthritis (RA)

Category : Joints

It is believed that Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints. Rheumatoid Arthritis can also cause inflammation of the tissue around the joints, as well as in other organs in the body. Autoimmune diseases are illnesses that occur when the body’s tissues are m i s t a k e n l y attacked by their own immune system. The immune system contains a complex organization of cells and antibodies designed normally to “seek and destroy” invaders of the body, particularly infections. Patients with autoimmune diseases have antibodies in their blood that target their own body tissues, where they can be associated with inflammation. Because it can affect multiple other organs of the body, rheumatoid arthritis is referred to as a systemic illness and is sometimes called rheumatoid disease.

While rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic illness, meaning it can last for years, patients may experience long periods without symptoms. However, rheumatoid arthritis is typically a progressive illness that has the potential to cause joint destruction and functional disability.

A joint is where two bones meet to allow movement of body parts. Arthritis means joint inflammation.The joint inflammation of rheumatoid arthritis causes swelling, pain, stiffness and redness in the joints.The inflammation of rheumatoid disease can also occur in tissues around the joints, such as the tendons, ligaments, and muscles.

In some people with rheumatoid arthritis, chronic Inflammation leads to destruction of the cartilage, bone, and ligaments, causing deformity of the joints. Damage to the joints can occur early in the disease and be progressive. Moreover, studies have shown that the progressive damage to the joints does not necessarily correlate with the degree of pain, stiffness, or swelling present in the joints.

Rheumatoid arthritis is a common rheumatic disease. The disease is three times more common in women as in men.It afflicts people of all races equally. The disease can begin at any age and even affects children (juvenile rheumatoid arthritis), but it most often starts after 40 years of age and before 60 years of age.

Symptoms

The disease often begins slowly, with symptoms that are seen in many other illnesses:

  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Low Grand Fever
  • Swollen Glands
  • Weakness

Eventually, joint pain appears.

  • Morning stiffness which lasts more than 1 hour,is common. Joints can even become warm, tender, and stiff when not used for as little as an hour.
  • Joint pain is often felt on both sides of the body.
  • The fingers (but not the fingertips), wrists, elbows, shoulders, hips, knees, ankles, toes, jaw, and neck may be affected.
  • Over time,joints lose their range of motion and may become deformed.
  • Chest Pain when taking a breath (pleurisy)
  • Eye burning itching and discharge
  • Nodules under the (usually a sign of more severe disease)
  • Numbness, tingling, or burning in the hands and feet

Joint destruction may occur within 1-2 years after the disease appears.

joints

Affects of rheumatoid arthritis

Although rheumatoid arthritis most often affects the joints, it is a disease of the entire body. It can affect many organs and body systems besides the joints. Therefore, rheumatoid arthritis is sometimes referred to as a systemic disease

Musculoskeletal structures:

Damage to muscles surrounding joints may cause atrophy (shrinking and weakening). This is most common in the hands. Atrophy also may result from not using a muscle, usually because of pain or swelling. Damage to bones and tendons can cause deformities, especially of the hands and feet. Osteoporosis and carpal tunnel syndrome are other common complications of rheumatoid arthritis.

Skin:

Many people with rheumatoid arthritis form small nodules on or near the joint that are visible under the skin. These rheumatoid nodules are most noticeable under the skin on the bony areas that stick out when a joint is flexed.Dark purplish area on the skin (purpura) are caused by bleeding into the skin from blood vessels damaged by rheumatoid arthritis. This damage to the blood vessels is called
vasculitis, and these vasculitic lesions also may cause skin ulcers.

Heart:

A collection of fluid around the heart from inflammation is not uncommon in rheumatoid arthritis. This usually causes only mild symptoms, if any, but it can be very severe. Rheumatoid arthritis-related
inflammation can affect the heart muscle,the heart valves, or the blood vessels of the heart (coronary
arteries).

Lungs:

Rheumatoid arthritis’ affects on the lungs may take several forms. Fluid may collect around one or both lungs and is referred to as pleuritis. Less frequently, lung tissues may become stiff or overgrown,refereed to as pulmonary fibrosis Any of these effects can have a negative effect on breathing.

Digestive tract:

The digestive tract is usually not affected directly by rheumatoid arthritis. Dry mouth, related to Sjögren syndrome, is the most common symptom of gastrointestinal involvement. Digestive complications are much more likely Normal and Arthritic Joits to be caused by medications used to treat the condition. Any part of the digestive tract may become inflamed if the patient develops vasculitis, but this is uncommon. If the liver is involved (10%), it may become enlarged and cause discomfort in

Kidneys:

The kidneys are not usually affected directly by rheumatoid arthritis. Kidney problems in rheumatoid arthritis are much more likely to be caused by medications used to treat the condition.

Blood vessels:

Inflammation of the blood vessels can cause problems in any organ but are most common in the skin, where they appear as purpura or skin ulcers.

Cure or Treatments:-

Although there is no cure for rheumatoid arthritis, the disease can be controlled and managed in most people by using combination of organic food supplements. Early, aggressive therapy to stop or slow down inflammation in the joints can prevent or reduce symptoms, prevent or reduce joint destruction and deformity, and prevent or lessen disability and other complications. The role of combination of organic food supplements is as follows –

  • It increases blood circulation
  • It rebuilds the damaged cartilage
  • It stablises the immunity system

A feedback report of Smt Meena Singh from Faizabad (U.P.) is appended for reference. Smt. Meena Singh, has been under treatment for RA since last 20 years. In Nov 2010, she was recommended for transplant as the last remedial measure by PGI Lucknow. However, under the recommendations of Shri Manish Kumar, Shri Satya Prakash Singh brother of Smt Meena Singh decided to try combination of organic food supplements. Smt. Meena Singh started supplements in Jan 2011 and within 3 months had astonishing results. She is left with minor pain in the left knee and right pelvic girdle. Few changes have been recommended in the intake of supplements and it is anticipated that her condition will further improve. In the instant case, Smt Meena Singh may have to take few supplements life long to maintain her health condition and avoid relapse of the RA in future.

It has been observed that most of existing medicine systems recommend use certain steroids, which are very harmful for the body. It is therefore, recommended that the use of steroids be avoided as far as possible. The organic food supplements are completely safe and do not have any side affects.