Burns are classified in three categories:
- First- degree burns: These are burns which cause no blistering.
- Second-degree burns: Burns with blisters.
- Third-degree burns: Deep burns, destroying the skin and exposing the tissues.
It is very important that immediately after being burned you run cold water over the burn. This will decrease the temperature in the area and will avoid dehydration of the skin and tissues!
First Degree Burn Second Deg. Burn Third Deg. Burn
The suggestion for second and third degree burn is:
- In the case of a light burn, it is important to apply cold water or ice on the area immediately to eliminate accumulated heat. Apply a little of Burnol/any other moisturizing/antiseptic cream i.e.- Soframycin. This will help in healing.
- On burns with blistering, you should be careful not to let these break in order to prevent the tissues from getting infected. If they have already burst, wash the area with cold, distilled or boiled water, and then apply good moisturizer. Cover the area with sterilized gauze. If the wound gets infected take Echinacea, Vit – A, C & E and Multivitamin.
- On deep burns or burns on a large area you should precede as in step (b). Wash the wound with distilled or boiled cold water. Leave it in the water for 10 minutes and then apply a good moisturizer
- Taking poly-unsaturated fats (EPA) such as fish oil with Omega-3 and olive oil: in addition to a diet rich in fish.
Vitamins A (beta carotene), B, E, C and D (Vitamin – D is produced by an oil that is in the skin which is transformed into this vitamin when it receives the sun’s rays. It is also found in egg yolk, milk, tuna and salmon) which are of great importance for the functioning of the skin and nervous system.
If a large area was burned, there may be dehydration. Therefore it is recommended to drink a lot of liquid (water/juices etc.).