(See: Heart Attack(Cholesterol), )
Arteriosclerosis (calcium deposits) and atherosclerosis (cholesterol and/or other deposits) harden the arteries. This is caused by calcium and/or fat deposits on the interior walls of the arteries and also by cross-linking.
The ability of these arteries to aid in the unrestricted flow of blood is reduced. The calcium and/or fat deposits produce a blockage in the circulation of the blood, caused by the molecular crossing, which is produced by the free radicals:
The most common symptoms during arterial blockage are found in the circulatory and cardiovascular systems (see heart), some of which are:
- High blood pressure
- Angina pectoris
- Heart attack
Other problems are caused by blockage are:
- Cerebral stroke, which can show up in other parts of the body thus affecting other organs.
- Thrombosis and the formation of blood clots are other frequent problems that, together with cholesterol, can obstruct or block the flow of blood in the arteries. After a few minutes in which the tissues do not receive any blood flow, they die.
- Loss of memory and concentration.
- The arteries in the legs begin to close, causing fatigue, weakness, muscular contractions, and pain when walking.
An aneurysm is the dilation of enlarging of the arteries caused by an increase in blood pressure when the artery is blocked.
Aneurysms are dangerous because they put pressure on the tissues where they are located, and can cause the artery to burst, leaking blood from the artery. The location of the aneurysm determines the type of problem caused. If it occurs in the brain it can cause partial paralysis or problems in some part of the body. Aneurysms can also occur in other parts of the body.
The main causes of sclerosis are inadequate nutrition, consumption of foods with high in cholesterol (which is deposited in the arteries) such as animal fats in red meat, eggs (yolk), some seafood, etc. (see table below). Some other important causes are stress, lack of exercise, nicotine addiction and arterial hypertension.
Many agents found in the body are cross-linkers. One of the greatest causes of cross-linking is aldehydes. The aldehydes are found in cigarette smoke and smog, and are also formed in the liver due to alcohol. Free radicals and UV rays (ultraviolet lights) are very potent cross-linkers.
Includes lowering consumption of foods that are high in cholesterol and reducing the consumption of low-density fats (LDL) (See table). See Cholesterol in this chapter.
On the other hand, the consumption of high-density fats (HDL) and unsaturated fatty acids (EPA) and Omega-3 should be increased. These are contained in salmon, tuna and other cold, fresh water fish, including those from arctic waters.
Also include olive oil (oleic acid) and GLA (gamma-Linoleic acid). All of these products help to eliminate the low-density cholesterol (LDL) in the arteries (bad cholesterol) and triglycerides, which are deposited in, and also clog the arteries.
The Eskimos in the arctic consume large quantities of these fish, for this reason practically have no cardiac or cholesterol problems.
Note: Cholesterol is found only in animal sources
|Cream||30 gm||31||Skimmed Milk||1 Cup||5|
|Egg White||1||0||Skinless Chicken||90 gm||79|
|Egg Yolk||1||274||Tuna in Oil||90 gm||55|
|Ham||90 gm||80||Veal||90 gm||86|
|Ice Cream||1 Cup||59||Whole Milk||1tbs||33|
|Maximum Acceptable Amount of Cholesterol in the Blood|
|Average Age||Risk Factor||High Risk|
|1-20||Max 165 mg||180 mg|
|20-29||Max 200 mg||220 mg|
|30-39||Max 200 mg||240 mg|
|40 or above||Max 200 mg||240 mg|
The polyunsaturated fats (high density lipoproteins (HDL) are beneficial fats) are necessary to clean the arteries. The HDL oxidizes easily in the blood stream, thus causing them to lose their potency to clean the arteries. Therefore, it is recommended to also take Vitamins – A, C and E with selenium which act as antioxidants, thus preventing oxidation of these polyunsaturated fats.
Some of these fatty acids, together with choline, inositol, vitamin B6 and magnesium, are necessary for the production of lecithin which helps to break up or dilute fats and cholesterol in the blood so that they can be used by the cells. It also helps to remove fats or cholesterol remaining on the arterial walls.
If you want to lower your cholesterol, follow these instructions:
Persons with arteriosclerosis or high cholesterol should eliminate from their diet:
- Red meat (beet and pork).
- Meats high in fat.
- Eggs, no more than three yolks a week (the yolk contains the highest cholesterol; the egg white doesn’t contain cholesterol.)
- Shrimp and oysters.
- Fried foods, pork sausage, sugar and flour.
- Cigarettes, coffee and alcohol.
- Limit the intake of butter, cream, cheese, vegetable and animal fat.
Also cut down on salt in foods. All these foods affect the cardiovascular system.
It is suggested to add the following to your diet:
- Fish, tuna, salmon, sardines, Atlantic mackerel
- Almonds, nuts
- Wheat germ, soybeans, garbanzo
- Skinless chicken, turkey
- Lots of fibers
- Lots of fruits
- Garlic, onions
- In extreme cases you should try to thin the blood out a little, by drinking willow tea (from the bark of willow trees) (if you are allergic to aspirin, do not drink this tea). Also, consumes garlic and lecithin, which is found in soybeans.
Warning! Do not consume more than 300 mg. of cholesterol per day. Get your Cholesterol tested, to find out the condition. If your cholesterol level is still high even after using the food supplements recommended in this section than, consult your physician.
Cholesterol is a waxy substance necessary for cell metabolism, which also gives strength and resistance to the exterior cell membrane. Cholesterol also has a negative aspect. When too much of it is found floating in the blood stream, it can deposit itself on the walls of the arteries and begin a process of obstruction that leads to arteriosclerosis.
Symptoms: The process is complicated; nevertheless, the situation is such that the cells connected to the blood vessel walls fill with cholesterol and from platelets (made of fat cells and cell waste). These end up producing fat-filled veins (Atherosclerosis). The inward bulging of the arteries take place because of the excessive pressure exerted by the free radicals. This obstructs the flow of oxygenated blood, causing a heart attack or apoplexy. The symptoms of this obstruction will be evidenced according to the area obstructed.
Examples: If the obstruction is in the arteries that supply blood to the head (carotid, etc.), the symptoms are: (See Embolism, Stroke)
- Facial paralysis, and/or blindness in only one eye.
- Paralysis in one side of the body, arm, leg, etc.
- Difficulty in speaking
- Mental confusion
- Possible headache
If the obstruction is in the coronary arteries (or in the aorta to which they connect) that supply oxygenated blood to the heart muscles, the result is: A cardiac arrest in some one of its different forms (angina, heart attack). (See Heart)
Cholesterol and triglycerides are transported in the blood stream by particles called “Carrier Lipoproteins” Which can be low density (LDL) or high density (HDL)
About two decades ago, some researchers from the University of Texas won the Nobel Prize. Due to their discovery of how cholesterol enters the cells. They found that a form of lipoprotein. Called LDL or Low Density Lipoprotein, was responsible for transporting cholesterol to the cells of the artery walls?
The LDL sticks to some receptacles (Proteins) found on the surface of these cells, which act as chemical magnets, attracting these particles of Low Density Lipoproteins that unload the cholesterol inside the cells.
These cells found on the interior surface of the arteries contain a large number of receptacles that gather all the cholesterol that they can, overfilling themselves most of the time.
10 Years later, some researchers from the University of Washington discovered a way that the cells can get rid of this accumulated cholesterol. It was found that a natural element called High Density Lipoprotein (HDL). The cholesterol that is in the cells sticks to this lipoprotein and is carried away through the blood stream to the liver where it is processed and converted in to other elements.
If this cell mechanism of absorbing and releasing cholesterol is to work adequately, a healthy equilibrium of cholesterol needs to be maintained. Nevertheless, due to the cellular gluttony of this fatty element, the equilibrium breaks down, causing one to have more cholesterol than necessary.
Cholesterol and triglycerides (fats) are transported around the body in the form of lipoproteins. The two form the nucleus of a particle that surrounds them formed by phospholipids and apoproteins (or carrier proteins). These dump the cholesterol inside the cells.
According to the most recent agreements, the normal amount of cholesterol that one should have is 130 (LDL) points of low density cholesterol and 70 (HDL) of high density, for a total of 200 milligrams per 0.10 liters of blood.
If your physician has told you that you have high cholesterol or if you desire to prevent an excess of cholesterol from building up, you should do the following:
1.Remember that there is beneficial cholesterol and another that is harmful. We should have about one part of beneficial cholesterol for every two parts of harmful cholesterol.
2. Harmful cholesterol is that which is deposited in the arteries. Thus, blocking the passage of blood.
3. Beneficial cholesterol helps clean the arteries, taking along with it the harmful cholesterol to the liver to be destroyed.
4. Avoid eating products that contain a large quantity of harmful cholesterol. Such as: egg yolk (high in cholesterol). Butter, some shellfish, entrails, chicken skin, meats, and some dairy products. Cholesterol is found in animal fat. (The 8 weeks cholesterol cure by: Robert E. Kowalsk .De. Harper Row).
5. Avoid cooking with saturated Fats, which also are very damaging to the body. Many products, including vegetables, contain them. It’s better to cook with unsaturated oils like: corn oil, olive oil, sunflower oil, and peanut oil. Avocado contains beneficial mono-unsaturated fats.
6. Meals. Don’t eat meals high in saturated fats and cholesterol more than once a week. Learn to distinguish which foods contain beneficial fats and which contain harmful fats.
7.Omega-3-Increase the consumption of fish oil and fish, especially those from cold waters such as: tuna, cod, and salmon. These fish oils are rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids called omega-3.
Omega-3 is rich in two substances: EPA and DHA, important elements for lowering the harmful cholesterol level as well as that of triglycerides, thus decreasing the danger of artery blockage.
8. Omega-3 and Omega-6 – Consume olive oil, which contains omega-9 unsaturated fatty acids. Or consume Borage or Evening primrose oil, which is high in GLA and Omega-6.The consumption of these, oils significantly reduce harmful cholesterol.
9. Fiber- It has been proven that the consumption of a diet high in fiber. Principally of oats and whole rice, helps lower cholesterol. J.W. Anderson and R.W. Kirby, in two independent articles presented in the “American journal of Clinical Nutrition in 1981 and 1984 (Bibl. Ref. # 238, 239) mention this fact about oat bran. It is advisable to consume as much grain fiber (indigestible) as possible.
How does the mechanism that makes this possible function? It is known that fiber stimulates the digestive functions, which causes a greater secretion of bile acids.
Bile acids are formed in the liver due to the cholesterol, present there. The more bile acid secreted, the more cholesterol used by the liver to produce more bile acids. Therefore, more cholesterol is extracted from the blood to be transformed in to bile, which previously is taken from the body along with food wastes. This then lowers the cholesterol in the blood and in the same way, the cholesterol deposited in the arteries.
10. Stress- How does stress affect cholesterol? A person with type “A” personality is more easily stressed that another with type “B” personality. (Type A is irritable, worried, anxious, etc. While type B is not.) Stress provokes a series of reactions in the body through the sympathetic nervous system, which keeps a person in a state of alert. One of the reactions is the constriction of the arteries and veins (spasm), which are weakened by the sympathetic nervous system, some being the coronary veins and arteries. That is, those that supplies blood to the heart muscle. As a result of too much cholesterol deposited in these vessels, blood flow is easily blocked during contractions. This causes a heart attack.
11. Niacin (Vitamin B3)- It has been found that Niacin taken in dosages of 500 mg. 3 to 6 times a day significantly reduces the cholesterol level and triglycerides from 15 to 30% at the same time. It increases beneficial cholesterol according to an article published in the “Journal of the American Medical Association”, as well as many other studies. Dr. Frank Sacks, researcher at the University of Harvard mentions “The 8-Week Cholesterol cure”. Suggests that 1500mg. of Niacin per day is sufficient for most people to lower their cholesterol.
Dr. Sacks recommends that Niacin be taken in the following manner: 500 mg. for first week, taken together with the evening meal. Add another 500 mg. the following week at the midday meal and another 500 mg. more the third week during breakfast for a total of 1500 mg.
If by the third week no change in the cholesterol is obtained, another 500 mg. can be added just before going to bed.
This therapy has some side effects that are very minor, like: a prickly sensation in the skin, principally of the arms, back and chest, the skin can become red especially when in the sun. All of this is totally harmless. Nevertheless consult your physician before taking this treatment.
12.Exercise – Exercise not only burns fat but also reduces a person’s weight. It makes the circulatory and muscular systems function better by means of greater oxygenation, which causes a greater and better combustion of sugar within the cells. Indirectly it lowers blood cholesterol. This is well proven by a great number of studies, such as those done at the Universities of California and Oklahoma.